Direction of Arrival Using Uniform Circular Array based on 2-D MUSIC Algorithm

Mohammed Amine Ihedrane, Seddik Bri


This study presents the conception, simulation, realisation and characterisation of a patch antenna for Wi-Fi. The antenna is designed at the frequency of 2.45 GHz; the dielectric substrate used is FR4_epoxy which has a dielectric permittivity of 4.4.this patch antenna is used to estimate the direction of arrival (DOA) using 2-D Multiple Signal Classification (2-D MUSIC) the case of the proposed  uniform circular arrays (UCA). The comparison between Uniform circular arrays and Uniform Linear arrays (ULA) demonstrate that the proposed structure give better angles resolutions compared to ULAs.


Direction of arrival;Multiple signal classification;Uniform circular array; Uniform linear array.



LC Godara. Application of Antenna Arrays to Mobile Communications Part II: Beam-forming and Direction of Arrival Consideration. In: Proceedings of the IEEE.1997, pp. 1195-245.

AK Shauerman and AA Shauerman. Spectral-Based Algorithms of Direction-of-Arrival Estimation for Adaptive Digital Antenna Arrays. In: Proceedings of the 9th international conference and seminar on Micro/Nanotechnologies and Electron Devices, Novosibirsk, Russia. 2010,pp. 251-55,

B Liao and SC Chan. DOA Estimation of Coherent Signals for Uniform Linear Arrays with Mutual Coupling. In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, pp. 377-80, 2011.

M Jalali, MN Moghaddasi and A Habibzadeh. Comparing accuracy for ML, MUSIC, ROOT-MUSIC and spatially smoothed algorithms for 2 users. In: Proceedings of the IEEE conference Mediterranean on Microwave Symposium (MMS), Tangiers, Morocco, pp. 1-5, 2009

M.A.Ihedrane,S.Bri. Direction of arrival in two dimensions with matrix pencil method.

Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing.640.pp.219-228.

J. Capon, R. J. Greenfield and R. J. Kolker, “Multidimensional maximum likelihood processing of alarge aperture seismic array”,Proceedings of the IEEE, 1967,55(2),pp192-211.

A. Paulraj, R. Roy and T. Kailath, “A subspace rotation approach to signal parameter estimation”,Proceedings of the IEEE, 1986, Vol74(7), pp1044-1045.

LC Godara. “Application of Antenna Arrays to Mobile Communications Part II: Beam-forming and Direction of Arrival Consideration,” IEEE Proc. 1997, pp.1195-1245.

C. P. Mathews, M. D. Zoltowski,“Eigen structure techniques for 2-D angle estimation with uniform circular arrays,” IEEE Trans on SP, vol42, 1994, pp. 2395-2407.

Z. Ahmad, I.Ali. Three Decades of Development in DOA Estimation Technology. Indo.J.Elel.Engi.Comp.Scie (IJEECS).Vol12 (8),2014.pp 6297-6312.

M. A. Ihedrane and S.Bri, “2-D DOA estimation using MUSIC algorithm with uniform circular array”,Inter. Collo.Info .Scie & Tech (CiSt). 2016,pp.850- 853,.

El.A. B. Yagoup, Z.Liu and Y. Xu, DOA Estimation by Fourth-Order Cumulants without Source Enumeration and Eigen decomposition.Indo.J.Elel.Engi.Comp.Scie(IJEECS). 2014, 12(6), pp.4237-4242.

S. S. Balabadrapatruni, Performance Evaluation of Direction of Arrival Estimation Using Matlab, Signal & Image Processing. Int. J; vol 3, pp.57-72, 2012.

R. O. Schimd. “Multiple emitter location and signal parameter estimation,” IEEE Trans. Antenna Propaga, Vol. 34, pp. 276–280, 1986.

Panayiotis Loannides, and Constantine A. Balanis, Uniform circula arrays for smart antennas,” IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, vol.47, no.4, pp. 192- 206, 2005.

Mati Wax, and Jacob Sheinvald, “Direction finding of coherent signals via spatial smoothing for uniform circular arrays,” IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propagation, vol.42, no.5, pp.613-620, 1994.

M.A. Ihedrane, S. Bri “Direction of Arrival Estimation using MUSIC, ESPRIT and Maximum-Likelihood Algorithms for Antenna Arrays”, Wal.J. Sc.Tec (WJST), Vol.13, pp. 491-502, 2015.

T. AI-Maznaee and H. E. Abd-EI-Raouf. (2009). Design of reconfigurable patch antenna with a switchable V –slot. Progressing In Electromagnetics Research C, 6,145-158.

C.W Jung, Kim, K. Yongin.(2008). Reconfigurable antenna for concurrent operation over cellular and connectivity band. Electronic Letters,44(5),334-335,

Teguh Firmansyah ET all. Bandwidth and Gain Enhancement of MIMO Antenna by Using Ring and Circular Parasitic with Air-Gap Microstrip Structure, Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control(TELKOMNIKA), 2017,15(3), pp. 1155-1163

Y. K. Bekali and M. Essaaidi.(2013)Compact reconfigurable dual frequency microstrip patch antenna for 3G and 4G mobile communication technologies, Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 55(7).1622-1626.

M.A. Ihedrane, S.Bri and El.F.Adiba. High Resolution Method Using Patch Circular Array, International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE).Vol.7.no4.2017

W. J. SI, X.Y. LAN and Y. ZOU. Novel high-resolution DOA estimation using subspace projection method, J. Chi. Uni. Pos. Tel,Vol.19, pp.110-16, 2012

T. Varum, J. N. Matos and P. Pinho.Direction of Arrival Estimation Analysis Using a 2D Antenna Array, Proce. Techn, Vol 17, pp.667-624,2013.

B.Sun. MUSIC Based on Uniform Circular Array and Its Direction Finding Efficiency, Inte. J. Sign. Proce. Syst, Vol 1, pp.273-277, 2013.

Total views : 11 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

shopify stats IJEECS visitor statistics